Climate of India

Geographical position

The main part of the area of India ( *read more) is within the sub equatorial region. The key feature of this area is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon coming from the Indian Ocean provides rains to India. They intensify in early June on the west coastline and in mid-June on the eastern coastline. When passing over the Arabian Sea and also the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and move in a northwest direction.


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Monsoon period

Rising over a Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a pace of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rainfall. Thunder or wind storms fall on the slopes of the mountains in June. But later they calm down, and during the time from late September to mid-October rain falls usually, end. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the climate cold and sun-drenched.


Weather seasons

Based on data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and also winds, we can divide the calendar year in three primary weather seasons.

In November – February, when the northeastern monsoon rules, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature gradually rises.The dry season can last from the end of March to June. At the end of June, the humidity goes up. And also the weather condition of Indian plains will become rainy.The time from July to mid-September will be the summer monsoon period. It is a time of wet tropical climate. The south-westerly winds blend with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high because of evaporation from the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains end.


Contrast climate

There are actually differences in temperature and also weather in several portions of India. The country covers a big area, and every area has yet another terrain. Therefore, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation does not go over 100 mm. At Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is up to 10 770 mm of rainfall a year. It is one of the wettest spots on Earth.

The monsoon climate is characteristic of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The coldest period is from December to February. At the same time, there is less rain. The hottest time is from May to June. However even high temperatures are tolerated quite easily because the air is dried, relative humidity, in the morning, does not surpass 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and also turn the horizon a dirty yellow.

The start the monsoon in June begins with the increased wind and cloud cover. The period can last until September. Throughout most days of the month, it rains regularly and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July exceeds 600 mm. Cloudy weather decreases the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the hills of the Himalayas, the climate depends on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes from 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimal temp is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and the average maximum temperature is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year lasts from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average maximum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). The summer monsoon does not appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the weather of India varies depending on the region, its distance from the Ocean, as well as its altitude. We can not compare Himalayan weather to other parts of India. These hills are incredibly high and have a unique climate.

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